Budgam is one of the youngest districts of the state, carved out as it was from the erstwhile District srinagar in 1979. Situated at an average height of 5,281 ft above sea level and at 750 E longitude and 340N latitude, the district was known as Deedmarbag in ancient times. The topography of the district is mixed with both mountainous and plain areas. The climate is one of the temperate type with the upper reaches receiving heavy snowfall in winter. The average annual rainfall of the district is 585mm.
While the southern and south-western parts are mostly hilly, the eastern and northern parts of the district are plain. The average height of the mountains is 1,610 m and the total area under forest cover is 477 km2. The soil is loose and mostly denuded Karewas dot the landscape.
Comparising one sub-division Khansahib; six tehsils Budgam, Beerwah, Chadoora, Khansahib, Khag and Chari-e-sharief, the district has been divided into eight blocks namely Budgam, Beerwah, Chadoora , Khansahib, Khag, B K Pora, Narbal and Nagam, which serve as prime units of economic development. Budgam has been sliced into 283 panchayats comprising 509 revenue villages.